Macron veut une loi contre les fausses informations en période électorale

French President Emmanuel Macron leaves after delivering his New Year wishes to the press at the Elysee Palace in Paris

Le thème aura animé une partie de l'élection présidentielle.

Emmanuel Macron a notamment évoqué les dangers que représentent les "Fake News", avant d'annoncer qu'un "texte de loi sera prochainement déposé" pour les combattre.

Lors de ses vœux à la presse à l'Elysée, le chef de l'Etat français a souligné, à cet égard, l'intention des pouvoirs publics de " faire évoluer notre dispositif juridique pour protéger la vie démocratique de ces fausses nouvelles ".

Et pour combattre, la forte propagation de fausses informations, le président Macron entend outiller l'appareil judiciaire pour rendre possible, le cas échéant, la suppression du contenu litigieux, le déréférencement du site, le blocage du compte concerné ou de l'accès à internet. Plus de transparence sera désormais demandée aux plates-formes sur internet qui sponsorisent notamment certains contenus.

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Lucian Tilihoi, a Dalkey resident, described the deceased as a "good guy". "He was a good guy, a very nice lad". It is thought the body may have been there since last night but was only discovered by a passerby this morning.

M. Macron a également annoncé que les pouvoirs du Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (CSA) " seraient accrus pour lutter contre toute tentative de déstabilisation par des services de télévision contrôlés ou influencés par des Etats étrangers ". Le chef de l'Etat a par ailleurs déclaré soutenir une réflexion de RSF sur les principes journalistiques.

Les "fake news" touchent beaucoup de monde grâce aux réseaux sociaux, mais ont-elles un réel impact en matière électorale? Néanmoins, il faudra aussi que les grands médias soient vigilants, car il arrive parfois qu'ils soient aussi des moteurs de propagation en voulant aller trop vite sans vérifier leurs sources. Et pas qu'un peu! Il veut simplement obliger les réseaux sociaux et autres plateformes sur internet à donner l'identité des annonceurs (autrement dit, ceux qui payent pour avoir de la visibilité sur tel ou tel site ou réseau social afin de propager les fake news). Les deux prédécesseurs de l'actuel président n'ont pas souvent réitéré l'exercice. Fermons les yeux quelques instants et imaginons le discours que ferait Jaurès à l'Assemblée lors de la présentation d'une loi destinée à combattre les "fausses informations ". Une mission pour installer ce poste a déjà été mise en place. Baptisée NetzDG, la loi est entrée en vigueur au 1er janvier 2018. Ce délit s'attaque aux personnes qui se cachent derrière des fake news. Or, cette loi prévoit le cas de la diffusion de fausses nouvelles. Au cas où les journalistes ne l'auraient pas compris, le chef de l'État a affirmé que le "commentaire" et les "confessions" n'étaient pas l'idée qu'il se faisait du journalisme (contrairement à son prédécesseur, friand de confidences).

Emmanuel Macron s'exprime rarement dans les médias. Dans un premier temps, il faudrait être à même de laisser la possibilité de corriger efficacement les contenus mensongers sans tomber dans la censure d'une satire. Mais, quand des éditorialistes écrivaient, à la suite de la presse américaine en décembre 1989 (6), que la répression par le régime de Ceaucescu en Roumanie avait provoqué des centaines de morts à Timisoara, montraient même des photos de ces "charniers", alors que l'on a appris par la suite que tout cela était faux, comment l'appeler? Et la prolifération de ces sites parodiques est assez importante. Un équilibre doit être trouvé entre la protection de la liberté d'expression et la volonté, légitime, de sanctionner des délits et des abus. Et ce serait absurde. Aujourd'hui, la même news n'est plus fake du tout.

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