He entered the Royal College of Chemistry, now part of Imperial College London, at the surprisingly young age of 15 in 1853. According to Google's blog post, an 18-year-old laboratory assistant, Perkins was cleaning out a beaker following a failed experiment when he noticed that the constituents of the beaker left a vivid purple stain when diluted with alcohol.
Perkin was trying to find a substitute for quinine, the only viable medical treatment for malaria in 1856, as demand was exceeding supply. Instead, what resulted from the experiment was a dark substance. He figured that the solution could be used to colour fabric.
Perkin originally named his dye Tyrian Purple, but it later became commonly known as mauve (from the French for the plant used to make the color violet).
The colour purple was a mark of aristocracy and its long-time association with royalty, and so Perkin managed to garner commercial success with the discovery of the rich purple colour. After the discovery, he focused on patenting, manufacturing, and the commercialization of this purple dye. Besides, the fading colour was a problem.
Perkin's "strong and inexpensively produced mauveine" made the colour more accessible, and therefore more popular, and even Queen Victoria work a mauveine dress to an event in 1862. In 1906, on the 50th anniversary of his discovery, he was knighted and awarded the first Perkin Medal.
Born on 12 March 1838, William Henry Perkin's discovery of "mauveine", the first synthetic dye, was found at the time when the textile industry was at a high. He died on July 14, 1907.
The video also shows several people who don't know the baby or his mother tending to and removing him from harm's way. Police in Central New York report arresting a woman after her 9-month-old baby was found crawling in a busy roadway.
The proton part comes from water splitting when it's charged and the protons then bond to carbon electrodes. What makes this interesting is the battery is kind of like a hydrogen fuel cell and a chemical battery.
The victor of that game will face either fifth-seeded Clemson or 12th-seeded New Mexico State in the second round on Sunday. Despite all that, Auburn went 25-7 overall, 13-5 in SEC play and won a share of the conference's regular season title.
A former Hong Kong leader, Tung Chee-Hwa, said the elections were important as Hong Kong was at a "critical juncture". They were accused of failing to take an oath in a proper manner as members of the Legislative Council.
Pairing this with the support for 1440p resolution means Xbox gamers will be able to take full advantage of their gaming monitor. Microsoft dropped some big news during the season premiere of its "Xbox Inside" show, which it streamed online over the weekend.
Lorna Luft , Garland's daughter with third husband Sidney Luft, collapsed backstage at a concert in London. Varela also told people Luft's husband was anxious she was forgetting parts of her monologue and lyrics.
However, Karti Chidambaram's counsel moved the court to hear his bail plea today itself which was otherwise listed for March 15. Karti, who will be produced before the court on Monday as his custody ends, and Chidambaram have denied any wrongdoing.
The bill was approved following the death of Otto Warmbier of Wyoming, Ohio, after he had been held in a North Korean prison. He said the United States had "shown great strength" when tensions were high but the regime's leaders "want to make peace".
At 11:23 AM, the BSE Sensex was trading at 33,605, up 298 points, while the Nifty50 index was trading at 10,322, up 95 points. The gains followed Wall Street, where the Dow jumped 1.77 percent, while the S&P 500 gained 1.74 percent on Friday.
McGraw's wife - can be seen in a video on a fan's Instagram page addressing the crowd at the show after her husband's collapse. McGraw's Soul2Soul Tour with Hill will resume on May 31 in Richmond, Va., and they will tour heavily through July.
Cech registered his 200th Premier League clean sheet, the first goalkeeper to achieve this feat in the competition's history. With a team like Arsenal you end up paying if you do not take your chances and that is what happened", he said.
Rams, Friars NCAA Tournament-Bound
After a one-year absence, Oklahoma is back in the NCAA Tournament despite a late-season slide that had its chances in doubt. The Sooners made the field despite winning only two games since February 1 and losing eight of the last 10.
Shoe hurled at former PM Nawaz Sharif at madrasa in Lahore
The miscreant, later identified as Talha Munawar, was apprehended by the authorities and handed over to the local police. The shoe hurling at Sharif comes a day after ink was thrown at Foreign Minister Khawaja Asif during a press conference.
Comedy legend Sir Ken Dodd has died, aged 90
He said: 'He was an education to watch and, afterwards, at 1.30am, he had beers with me in the dressing room and talked showbiz. His carefully guarded private life received an unwelcome airing in 1989 when he endured a five-week trial accused of tax fraud.
Black Panther is a massive box office hit
Disney was its own competition because A Wrinkle in Time had a soft opening only earning $33.3 million this past weekend. Warner Bros is also launching action-adventure Tomb Raider , starring Alicia Vikander, in around 3,600 locations.
Commuters can now 'tap on' with credit cards
You can now use a phone (linked to your American Express , Visa or Mastercard) to pay for ferries and light rail trips in Sydney . He also said he wants to expand contactless payments to trains by the end of the year (no word on buses yet, sadly).
Plane crashes at Kathmandu airport
The plane is said to have had almost 70 people on board; initial reports say 17 have been rescued but casualties are feared. A plane has crashed at Kathmandu's global airport, but as yet there has been no news of casualties.
Japan minister says files altered in scandal dogging Abe
He said the alterations were conducted by bureaucrats at the finance ministry's division in charge of state land sales. The operator had named Akie Abe the honorary principal of the school he was planning to build on the government plot.
Austria: motives of Iran residence knife attacker a mystery
Police say an Austrian attacker was shot and killed by the guard he wounded outside the Iranian ambassador's residence in Vienna. The soldier sustained cuts to his right arm but was protected from more serious injuries by his stab-proof jacket.