Ex-EPA chief says burning coal is worst thing for climate change

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Countries have to make unprecedented transitions in all sectors to avoid devastating consequences of climate change and keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, says a report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an worldwide body set up in 1988.

Climate scientists have been studying the effect of a global temperature rise of 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) over preindustrial levels and have determined that is the maximum possible warming before sea level rise, drought, and other climate-change effects become catastrophic.

Increasingly, you don't have to convince Australian farmers of that.

The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is warning that the world is heating faster than predicted. The consequences of climate change are not some far-off matter: They're already here, and major crisis could be nigh as soon as 2040 if we don't do something drastic and immediate to begin to reverse the damage.

"By refusing to endorse the findings of the IPCC's 1.5 degree celsius report, the United States has again given a clear signal that it would continue with its climate regressive agenda, which includes obstructing the work of the UNFCCC and promoting fossil fuels like coal and gas", said Chandra Bhushan, deputy DG of the CSE.

More than ninety-one authors and review editors from 40 countries contributed to the findings which were launched in Incheon in South Korea on October 8 in front of all 195 signed on parties of the Paris Agreement.

What Will We See Once Global Warming Is Limited To 1.5C?

Carbon emissions need to reach "net zero" by 2050 and almost halve from 2010 levels by 2030.

The day after an worldwide panel of scientists issued a stark warning about the short window in which world leaders can act to avoid catastrophic climate change, the president of the United States didn't comment on whether the US accepts or will act on the findings.

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Measures would have to include reducing man-made carbon emissions by 45 per cent by 2030 from 2010 levels, and reaching "net zero" emissions by 2050, the report said.

Their concerns meant a pledge to pursue efforts to limit temperature rises to 1.5C was included - after tough negotiations - alongside the commitment to keep them "well below" 2C in the global Paris climate agreement in 2015.

Stephanie Pfeifer, chief executive of the Institutional Investors Group on Climate Change (IIGCC) which represents investors with trillions of pounds of assets under management, said the report showed limiting global warming to 1.5C is what was needed. Limiting global warming to less than 2ºC will hopefully allow ecosystems and animals to adapt to the gradually rising temperatures.

These carbon dioxide scrubbing techniques would be particularly vital if the global temperature were to briefly peak above 1.5°C before being wrestled back down below the target by the end of the century.

To stop this happening, the world will need to make "unprecedented" changes in power generation, industry, transport, buildings and potential shifts in lifestyle such as eating less meat, according to the International Panel on Climate Change.

Chandra Bhushan, the deputy director general of Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), says, "Though it will be very hard in the current global economic system to limit warming to 1.5°C, it is not impossible".

There are several mitigation pathways illustrated to achieve these reductions and all of them incorporate different levels of Carbon dioxide removal.

"We have a monumental task in front of us, but it is not impossible", Mahowald said earlier.

"Such large transitions pose profound challenges for sustainable management of the various demands on land for human settlements, food, livestock feed, fibre, bioenergy, carbon storage, biodiversity and other ecosystem services", the report stated.

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