Plastic particles found in every human subject of worldwide study

Microplastics Are Everywhere — and That Likely Includes Your Poop

'While the highest plastic concentrations in animal studies have been found in the gut, the smallest particles are capable of entering the bloodstream, the lymphatic system and may even reach the liver.Now that we have the first evidence for microplastics inside humans, we need further research to understand what this means for human health'.

There isn't any evidence so far of whether ingesting microplastics is risky to humans, let alone the specific effects, but the researchers believe that gastrointestinal plastic might have a clinical impact.

Volunteers from eight countries participated in a Europe-wide study to test unsafe particles present in the human digestive system. The most common types of plastic found were polypropylene and polyethylene terephthalate - two plastics that have a wide range of uses, including plastic bottles. What's worrying, according to the researchers, is that the health effects of microplastics on people are unknown.

The study, which was the first of its kind, was very small-the researchers, from the Medical University of Vienna and the Environment Agency Austria, only studied stool samples from eight participants. Six of them had eaten fish. Microbeads in commercial beauty products, for example, have recently been banned in the United Kingdom after it was discovered that they attract toxic pollutants, end up in the stomachs of wildlife and enter the human food chain.

The researchers fear the plastic could also come from the packaging the food is contained in, or the techniques used to process or manufacture it.

Women, Minorities Overwhelmingly Want a Democratic Congress, Poll Finds
All 435 seats are up for election in the House and the Democrats require a net gain of 24 seats to gain a majority of 218 seats. The poll, conducted by NBC/Wall Street Journal, revealed Trump's rating to be the highest level yet for that poll - 47 percent.

Participants were asked to keep a food diary in the week leading up to their stool sample, with all of them documenting that they had eaten food wrapped in plastic or drank from plastic bottles. Significant amounts of microplastic have already been detected in tuna, lobster and shrimp.

On average, the scientists found 20 particles of microplastic in every 10g of stool.

"I'm not at all surprised, or particularly anxious by these findings", commented Alistair Boxall, a professor in environmental science at the University of York in Britain. For example, a decrease in the gut's immune tolerance and response could be expected if the plastics accumulate, while studies on contaminated fish and birds have suggested that microplastics can cause hepatic stress, impact iron absorption and remodel villi in the intestines.

The scientists speculated that the tiny specks - ranging in size from 50 to 500 micrometres - may have been ingested via seafood, food wrapping, dust or plastic bottles. "It is therefore inevitable that at least some of these things will get into our lungs and digestive system".

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