Vit D supplements may not improve bone health

Vitamin D supplements do not improve bone health

However, a series of studies showed that vitamin D produced in the form of supplements, prevents fractures and improves the mineral density of bone tissue.

Vitamin D supplements do not help improve bone health after all.

Scientists from the University of Auckland in New Zealand and the University of Aberdeen in the United Kingdom said there is no longer any need for future research in this area, stating that additional trials are unlikely to change the results.

The research consists of meta-analysis conducted by Professors Mark Bolland and Andrew Grey from the University of Auckland and Professor Alison Avenell of Aberdeen University, who reviewed previous studies on the connection between vitamin D and bone mineral density, The Guardian has reported.

Prof Bolland said things have changed since 2014, when the last major review of the evidence was carried out.

For a long time, vitamin D has been related to reducing the risk of osteoporosis (a condition in which bones become weak or brittle) and hypertension.

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It is made in the body naturally as a result of exposure to sunlight, which is why people living in northern climates and those who cover up their skin may have lower levels than they should.

According to the editorial author, Professor Chris Gallagher, of Creighton University in the USA, those results are coming soon, with studies on nearly 100,000 participants now enrolled in randomised controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation due to report within three years.

It is also contained in a small number of foods, such as cod liver oil, offal, egg yolk and oily fish, including salmon and mackerel.

A new meta-analysis by medical researchers in New Zealand and Scotland has seriously called into question whether vitamin D supplementation has any effect on bone health.

In the study, the authors pooled data from 81 randomised controlled trials and found there was reliable evidence that vitamin D does not reduce total fractures, hip fractures or falls by 15% - a clinically meaningful threshold. They also confirmed that supplements do not have significant effects on a person's bone density. "On the strength of existing evidence, we believe there is little justification for more trials of vitamin D supplements looking at musculoskeletal outcomes".

The authors concluded that there was little justification to use vitamin D supplements to maintain or improve musculoskeletal health.

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