The Montreal Protocol was finalized in 1987 in response to the realization that numerous chemicals used in aerosols, air conditioning systems, refrigerators, and industrial solvents were eroding the planet's stratosphere, creating a hole and allowing harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation to seep through the ozone layer.
Scientists discovered the the ozone layer, particularly over the Antarctic region and as far up as Australia, had depleted in the 1970s.
The ozone layer's increasing health has been put down to the 1987 Montreal Protocol - an worldwide treaty banning ozone-depleting chemicals, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), alongside new technology. The worldwide agreement compelled the global community to begin the phasing out of ozone-depleting substances like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), and halons. The 2018 edition shows that ozone levels in sections of the stratosphere have been recovering at rates of 1-3 percent since 2000. The purple and blue colors are where there is the least ozone, and the yellows and reds are where there is more ozone.
Montzka said if the source of the new emissions could be identified and contained, the damage to the ozone should be minor.
The hole reaches its peak in September and October and disappears by late December until the next Southern Hemisphere spring, Mr Newman said. He noted that if nothing had been done, two-thirds of the ozone layer would have been destroyed by 2065.
Bryce Harper rejected 10-year, $300M offer from Nats
But no position player has ever earned an average annual value of more than $27.5 million ( Alex Rodriguez and Yoenis Cespedes). Indeed, the Nationals need starting pitching, a catcher and to upgrade their bench.
The report also said it was the first time the hole in the ozone layer had shrunk in both size and depth and size since 2000.
"We're raising a flag to the global community to say, 'This is what's going on, and it is taking us away from timely recovery of the ozone layer, '" NOAA scientist Stephen Montzka, the study's lead author, said in a statement at the time.
But the report, from the UN's environment and world meteorological organisation, said there is evidence of an unexpected increase in CFC-11 from eastern Asia since 2012.
And the replacements to CFCs that are now being used to cool cars and refrigerators need to be replaced with other chemicals because they worsen global warming, Mr Newman said. "The careful mix of authoritative science and collaborative action that has defined the protocol for more than 30 years and was set to heal our ozone layer is precisely why the Kigali amendment holds such promise for climate action in future".
An amendment to the Montreal Protocol that goes into effect next year would cut use of some of those gases.
Mr Newman added: "I don't think we can do a victory lap until 2060, ' he said".
Well, as we now know, Prince Charles did the honours but it was actually Harry who asked his father to step in. She said: "He wants things done by yesterday as I think everybody who works for him will tell you".
The right-back is not available for Real's trip to the Czech Republic to face Viktoria Plzen in the Champions League on Wednesday. However, Carvajal, who won three Champions League titles with Real under Zinedine Zidane , is standing by Lopetegui.
The developer plans for nine regions to compete through three phases during 2019, with two third-party run global competitions. Featuring universal rules and point scoring, teams of four will battle it out across Miramar and Erangel in first-person mode.
Three states could elect their first African-American governors, while several others were running LGBT candidates and Muslims. In Florida, six House seats are in play, and there are close and crucial battles for a Senate seat and the governorship.
He rushed for 1,291 yards with nine touchdowns over 15 games in 2017 with the Steelers, his fifth year in Pittsburgh. Le'Veon Bell has still not reported to the Steelers to sign his franchise tender for the 2018 season.
For this reason, the Department of Defense (DoD) worked closely with the sponsor on the development of this new medicine. The opioid in question is a highly potent, and risky drug that has more risks than benefits in health-care.
This will be the second Breaking Bad spinoff - the first, of course, Better Call Saul , which recently wrapped a fourth season. Production is set to being in Albuquerque in mid November and continue until early February, the Journal says.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's surprise victory in the June congressional primary in NY shook up Washington and the Democratic Party. Davids ran on a very solidly democratic platform focused on pushing back on Trump, gun control, and expanding health care.
AMD is also the first to hit PCIe 4.0 on the Radeon Instinct MI60, with 64GB/sec of bi-directional CPU-to-GPU bandwidth. AMD's Next Horizon event this week detailed elements of its 7nm production schedule for both graphics cards and CPUs.
Several witnesses told ABC 7 the man was armed with a handgun opened fire inside the Borderline Bar & Grill in Thousand Oaks. Officers later reported a man matching the suspect's description on the ground at the scene outside a window.
Democrats are gaining ground in their fight for control of the House, picking up key seats in Florida, Pennsylvania and Minnesota. Anxious Republicans privately expressed confidence in their narrow Senate majority but feared the House was slipping away.
The horse that exited midway through the Melbourne Cup - the Aidan O'Brien-trained The Cliffsofmoher - has been euthanized. Charlie Appleby savoured an "amazing" year after becoming the first British trainer to win the Melbourne Cup .
First ever Muslim women elected to US House of Representatives
A pair of districts in the Midwest will add Muslim women to the ranks of the US Congress for the first time, CNN has projected. House races. "But really I am not going from a first to another first", Omar said in an interview with The Associated Press .
Have Liverpool lost their bite in midfield at the moment?
They conceded a goal from a corner and another from a loss of possession and quick counter-attack against Red Star . And it has ultimately left Liverpool with real work to do in their final games away to PSG and at home to Napoli.
Morning people have a lower risk of breast cancer
Compared to night owls, women who are early risers had a 40 percent lower risk of breast cancer , the study found. Follow us on Instagram and Facebook for non-stop inspiration delivered fresh to your feed, every day.
Migrant caravan enters Mexico City to shelter at stadium
Migrants briefly blocked traffic on the busy highway to beseech passing truckers for a ride, but none offered one. Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernandez said Monday that thousands of his countrymen have returned to Honduras.
Borat makes glorious return to expose Trump voters
In a second Trump supporter's house Borat says there isn't a problem being a racist. 'I am a racist, it is nice'. She then proceeded to call Trump a "humanitarian" to which Borat agreed and gave her a high-five.
Midterms fallout: Attorney General Jeff Sessions quits
Whitaker added in the piece that "it is time for [Rod] Rosenstein...to order Mueller to limit the scope of his investigation". In this July 13, 2018 photo, Attorney General Jeff Sessions delivers remarks in Portland, Maine.
Worldwide web inventor wants new ‘contract’ to make web safe
We have fake news , we have problems with privacy, we have people being profiled and manipulated", he said in an opening address. Accountability, he said, might involve an annual report that tests how different companies and governments are holding up.