Government moves to curb rising cases of resistances to antibiotics

The need for antibiotics to be used only when necessary is the message coming out as part of World Antibiotic Awareness Week

"Incorrect use of antibiotics, especially overuse, is making it harder to treat many infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and salmonellosis, as the antibiotics are becoming less effective", added Dr al-Khal.

Each year in the United States, at least 2 million people become infected with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics and at least 23,000 people die as a direct result.

CSE, which undertook an assessment of India's National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (2017-21), called for stringent limits on antibiotic discharge in pharmaceutical effluents as well ad regulations and measures to ensure appropriate farm waste management, drug take-back and disposal. "Antibiotic resistance is threatening our ability to safely and effectively provide medical care to many patients, including organ and bone marrow transplants, joint replacements and other complex surgeries, cancer chemotherapy, and care of preterm infants", she said.

India will be heavily impacted by it due to its huge burden of infectious diseases, large-scale food animal production using antibiotics, and inadequate healthcare systems, it said.

# social text: Are you antibiotics aware?

200 - the percentage increase in antibiotic use predicted to occur by 2030. Of the patients who go to urgent care centers with acute respiratory conditions that do not require antibiotics, what percentage are prescribed antibiotics anyway?

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"If we fail to take adequate measures now, in the decades to come we may be faced with the frightening scenario where our antibiotics will no longer be effective, and illnesses and diseases that we are able to cure with antibiotics at present could become potentially unsafe superbugs of the future", Messina concluded. Furthermore, they found that 39% of the health burden is caused by bacteria that are resistant to last-line antibiotics such as carbapenems and colistin, making them nearly impossible to treat.

By 2050, drug-resistant infections are predicted to lead to an estimated 2.4 million excess deaths in developed countries alone, according to a recent projection by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which represents nations like Canada, Australia, the USA and the United Kingdom.

Meanwhile, Iceland - which has a population smaller than Bristol's - will suffer only 40 deaths because of antibiotic resistance, also known as antimicrobial resistance.

Mr Joshua Obasanya, the Director, Prevention and programme Coordination, NCDC, said that the competition was a way to enlighten and educate children on antimicrobial resistance.

"The data that we have on the scope and breadth of the antibiotic resistance in Canada is not as comprehensive as it should be".

This week [12-18 November] is World Antibiotic Awareness Week. Ministry of Health in collaboration with the World Health Organization is spearheading the advocacy and awareness activities in Thimphu, and other hospitals in 9 districts.



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